Common Sleep Disorders and Their Symptoms

Are you having trouble sleeping or experiencing excessive daytime sleepiness? You may have one of the common sleep disorders that plague millions around the world. According to Verywell Health, common sleep disorders include snoring, sleep apnea, insomnia, sleep behaviors called parasomnias, restless legs syndrome, circadian disorders, and narcolepsy amongst others.

Common sleep disorders may be caused by physical or psychological factors. While the symptoms may be bothersome, effective therapy may leave you sleeping and feeling better in no time.

Chronic Sleep Disorders and Their Symptoms

Chronic Sleep Disorders and Their Symptoms

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a chronic medical condition occurs when a person’s breathing is interrupted during sleep.  Common treatments for this include continuous positive airway pressure, better known as CPAP. This ensures that you don’t stop breathing throughout the night. People that go untreated stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep. These episodes last 10 seconds or more and cause oxygen levels in the blood to drop or awakenings from sleep. It’s often caused when the throat muscles relax to the point of obstructing the upper airway, resulting in you not being able to breathe. This could lead to additional medical conditions and even worsen existing ones, including hypertension, heart failure, and diabetes and lead to serious consequences like heart attack, heart failure, stroke, and sudden death. 

Insomnia

Insomnia is characterized either by difficulty falling or difficulty staying asleep. According to the Cleveland Clinic, symptoms include difficulty falling asleep, waking up often during the night and having trouble going back to sleep, waking up too early in the morning, having unrestful sleep, experiencing issues during the day including fatigue; sleepiness; problems with your mood and/or concentration; accidents at work or while driving, etc., due to not sleeping well.

Approximately 50 percent of adults experience an occasional spell of insomnia and one in every 10 adults suffers from chronic insomnia, which is when insomnia occurs at least three nights per week and lasts for at least 3 months. Most people with insomnia spend more than 20 to 30 minutes falling asleep or getting back to sleep at night. Insomnia is one of the most common sleep disorders, affecting about 10 percent of adults, with many potential causes.

Parasomnias

sleep disorders and what you can do

Parasomnias are basically a catchall for sleep disorders; they are defined by abnormal sleep behaviors. Parasomnias involve unconscious physical or verbal behaviors, such as walking or talking during sleep. These can include sleep terrors, sleepwalking, sleep eating, sleep sex, rapid eye movement (REM) behavior disorder, and more. Parasomnias may be a symptom of another sleep condition, such as sleep apnea. Treatment often includes safety precautions and the use of medication.

Sleep Paralysis

Sleep paralysis is characterized by a temporary inability to move, when an individual is transitioning from sleep to wakefulness, like when you’re falling asleep or waking up. It may be scary for some as one may seem to be awake, but not able to move. Sleep paralysis is one of the most common sleep disorders, affecting approximately 25 percent of people at least once.

Restless Legs Syndrome

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a disorder that causes an intense urge to move the legs brought on when you’re resting such as lying down in bed or sitting for prolonged periods of time, such as while driving. Symptoms may include feeling aches, burning, tingling, or the feeling of bugs crawling on the legs that are obviously not there. 

RLS is also associated with problems with daytime sleepiness, irritability, and concentration. Symptoms typically are improved with movement, such as stretching, walking, or rubbing. Treatments may include iron replacement and medications.

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is commonly defined by four symptoms: excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and hypnagogic hallucinations. Excessive daytime sleepiness can lead to falling asleep in inappropriate situations. 

Cataplexy is a loss of muscle tone in response to an emotional stimulus, such as excitement or laughter leading to sudden and uncontrollable muscle weakness or paralysis. Sleep paralysis, as defined above, is the inability to move one’s body while being awake, usually while falling asleep or awakening. Hypnagogic hallucinations are vivid dream-like sensations that occur while falling asleep that include images, sound, or movement. Narcolepsy is commonly treated with medication.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is unexplained sustained fatigue that does not go away even when you rest and may become worse when you do a physical or mental activity. This chronic fatigue can be intense and debilitating, which can cause a significant reduction in daily productivity. There are numerous associated symptoms, and other medical conditions (including sleep apnea) must be excluded before CFS can be diagnosed.

3B Lumin CPAP Cleaner

If you use a CPAP machine to treat sleep apnea, you also need to regularly clean it. If you’re using the CPAP to treat one health issue, sleep apnea, you don’t want to create more health issues by using a dirty CPAP.

The Lumin CPAP Cleaner is safe and easy to use, with no harmful ozone which can cause irritation to the lungs and respiratory system. The UV light will sanitize up to 99% of harmful bacteria, pathogens, and fungi that can cause infection and illness.

To learn more about Lumin and our other line of products, such as the Lumin Bullet, contact us or discover more about sleep apnea on our blog.

July 23, 2019 19

A. Giudice

A Sleep Professional with over 20 years of industry experience, a healthy respect for research and a slightly sarcastic writing style.